Gender-Based Violence: Emerging Issues in Programs Serving Displaced Populations is a compendium of key lessons learned during five years working with GBV programs in 12 countries; It is designed to be read and used by staff and volunteers who work to protect displaced populations—from high level policymakers to field-based workers. I hope the issues, observations, and challenges identified here and the ideas presented will not only add to the collective knowledge on GBV but also motivate humanitarian aid organizations to strengthen their collaborative efforts to prevent and respond to GBV.
The Inter-agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings is the result of a collaborative and consultative process engaging over 100 members from United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations that make up the Inter-agency Working Group (IAWG) on Reproductive Health in Crises. The updated information in this Field Manual is based on normative technical guidance of the World Health Organization. It also reflects the good practices documented in crisis settings around the world since the initial field-test version of the Field Manual was released in 1996, followed by the 1999 version, Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations: An Inter-agency Field Manual. This latest edition reflects the wide application of the Field Manual’s principles and technical content beyond refugee situations, extending its use into diverse crises, including conflict zones and natural disasters.
This follow-up report on the second phase of the Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Program describes the process of applying the survey findings to engage the refugee community to reduce the incidence of SGBV in the camps. Creating a Safe Place provides an overview of how IRC staff work with women refugee leaders to design specific intervention strategies, such as providing appropriate responses to survivors of sexual and gender violence, educating men, and strengthening leadership skills.
Building upon the ICRC study Women Facing War, this guidance document intends to translate the findings of the study into practical terms. Aimed at staff concerned with the planning and implementation of humanitarian programmes, this document is intended as a means of sharing ICRC's experience in this area with other organisations. It is an important tool which can be used to address women's needs on an operational level, illustrating best practices and lessons learned.
The camp management toolkit addresses the technical and the administrative as well as the social aspects of camp managers, camp management teams and camp management agencies. Il does to be exhaustive, and the intention has not been to duplicate or revise existing guidelines or standards, but to compile and complement the existing sectoral guidelines for various assistance and protection, activities in camps. Ultimately, the toolkit is part of a holistic process that aims at covering the full spectrum of camp management activities.
This manual is one of several outcomes of a three-year global Gender-based Violence Initiative spearheaded by the Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC) Consortium and aimed at improving international and local capacity to address gender-based violence (GBV) in refugee, internally displaced, and post-conflict settings. The tools have been formulated according to a multi-sectoral model of GBV programming that promotes action within and coordination between the constituent community, health and social services, and the legal and security sectors. The manual is meant to be used by humanitarian professionals who have experience with and are committed to GBV prevention and response.
The document was prepared through a broad and lengthy consultation process within the United Nations system, with extensive reference to the Executive Committee on Humanitarian Assistance, Implementation Group on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict. It is hoped that this glossary serves as a practical reference guide to terms often used within humanitarian situations, and that it will be reviewed and updated periodically.
The Guidelines for Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is a tool for field actors in the humanitarian community to establish a multi-sectoral coordinated approach to gender-based violence in emergency settings. It provides practical advice on how to ensure that humanitarian assistance and protection programmes for displaced populations are safe, and do not directly or indirectly increase women’s and girls’ risk to sexual violence. It also details what response services should be in place to meet the needs of survivors/victims of sexual violence.
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) is issuing Guidelines for HIV/AIDS interventions in Emergency Settings to help individuals and organizations in their efforts to address the special needs of HIV-infected and HIV-affected people living in emergency situations. The Guidelines are based on the experiences of organizations of the UN system and their NGO partners, and reflect the shared vision that success can be achieved when resources are pooled and when all concerned work together.
These guidelines follow the general framework outlined in the UNHCR Policy on Refugee Women, adopted by the forty-first Session of the Executive Committee. The underlying principle of the Policy is to integrate the resources and needs of refugee women into all aspects of programming to ensure equitable protection and assistance activities. The guidelines also recognize that special efforts may be needed to resolve problems faced specifically by refugee women.
This revised and updated Handbook provides useful guidance as our Office continues to cope with the swift and increasingly dangerous nature of fresh displacement. It stresses the importance of pre-emergency planning, as well as planning throughout every stage of a crisis. It focuses on setting coordination priorities, as well as contingency and operational planning. Important information has also been included regarding staff safety and working with military personnel, as well as a section addressing the issue of how to cope with personal stress.
As a reference tool which serves to reinforce a common understanding among the many key actors in emergency situations, the third edition of UNHCR's Emergency Handbook reflects the latest developments in humanitarian action and UNHCR's emergency response. This version includes a number of important revisions based on valuable inputs from the nongovernmental organizations and other partners who are an integral part of our standby capacity. Updates include an emphasis on security awareness as an integral part of daily life and work in operations, along with important information on UNHCR and the military; a new chapter on combating HIV/AIDS in refugee situations; and how to prevent and respond to sexual and gender- based violence in emergencies. The revised Handbook underscores the need to understand, from the very outset of an emergency, the protection risks facing different members of a community and describes how to conduct participatory assessments with women, girls, boys and men to ensure adequate assistance and protection for all.
Inclusive security, sustainable peace: a toolkit for advocacy and action. This Toolkit aims to be a resource to enable the strategic engagement of women in national peacebuilding and security processes. Everyone who wishes to use the Toolkit should find something of relevance. Inevitably, however, there will be gaps. The main goal of this Toolkit is to provide a resource for women peacebuilders and practitioners to engage effectively in peace and security issues
This Inter-agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations is the result of a collaborative effort of many UN agencies, governmental and non-governmental organisations and refugees themselves. Information in this Manual is based on the normative, technical guidance of the World Health Organization. A draft of the Field Manual was first issued in 1996 and tested extensively in the field. This new version can, and should, be shaped and adapted to suit the particular circumstances and requirements of each refugee situation as it arises and evolves
This document is a manual for the effective use of the Inter-agency reproductive health kits in crisis situations. It provides information on use, contents and ordering procedures for a set of kits as of January 2011. The reproductive kit comprises 12 " sub kits" for use at different health care levels. They are designed e.g. to provide contraceptives, to treat sexually transmitted diseases, to ensure a clean and safe delivery or to manage the consequences of rape. Since the development of the Inter-agency emergency reproductive health kits in 1996, these kits have been updated regularly.
Mental health in Emergencies –Mental and Social Aspects of Health of Populations Exposed to Extreme Stressors, summarises the present position of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence on assisting populations exposed to extreme stressors, such as refugees, internally displaced persons, disaster survivors and terrorism-, war- or genocide-exposed populations. WHO recognises that the number of persons exposed to extreme stressors is large and that exposure to extreme stressors is a risk factor for mental health and social problems. Principles and strategies described here are primarily for application in resource-poor countries, where most populations exposed to disasters and war live. The mental health and well-being of humanitarian aid workers also warrant attention, but their needs are not addressed in this document.
The Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) is a series of actions needed to respond to the reproductive health needs of populations in the early phase of a refugee situation (which may or may not be an emergency). The MISP is not just kits of equipment and supplies; it is a set of activities that must be implemented in a coordinated manner by appropriately trained staff. It can be implemented without any new needs assessment since documented evidence already justifies its use. The MISP prevents excess neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality, reduces HIV transmission, prevents and manages the consequences of sexual violence, and includes planning for the provision of comprehensive reproductive health services integrated into the primary health program in place
Law enforcement officials play a key role in society, serving and protecting the people and upholding the law. That role is valid at all times, including during armed conflicts and other situations of violence. By engaging in dialogue with police and security forces about the law and their operations, the ICRC supports their efforts to incorporate the rules and standards of international law into their procedures. For the past 20 years, the manual "To Serve and to Protect" has provided guidance for that dialogue. This updated version takes that successful endeavour a step further, using recent experience to explain the international rules and standards applicable to the law enforcement function and their practical implications for law enforcement work.
Women, peace and security is a Study submitted by the Secretary-General pursuant to Security Council resolution 1325 (2000). This study is an initiative undertaken in response to Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security adopted in October 2000. While it shows that many positive steps have been taken to implement the resolution, women still form a minority of those who participate in peace and security negotiations, and receive less attention than men in post-conflict agreements, disarmament and reconstruction
The UNHCR Resettlement Handbook offers resettlement management and policy guidance to UNHCR staff, and is a key reference tool on global resettlement policy and practice for resettlement countries, NGOs and other partners.