تقدم هذه الوثيقة ملخص تنفيذي لتقرير بحث يقترح الرد على عدة أسئلة حول ظاهرة التطرف العنيف في تونس، ولا سيما مكان ودور المرأة في هذه الظاهرة. يقدم هذا البحث أيضًا نهجًا أوسع لتحليل ظاهرة التطرف العنيف في تونس، لا سيما من خلال تجاوز تحليلات الظاهرة القائمة على الصور النمطية القائمة على نوع الاجتماعي ؛ دمج نهج قائم على تحليل العلاقات بين الجنسين وتحليل تأثير السياسات العامة المتعلقة بمنع ومكافحة التطرف العنيف على حقوق المرأة.
The report is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with young people’s opinions of the revolution, in terms of its promises and let downs, and what it has changed and what it has not. It also aims to understand how young people interpret their situation in relation to the state and its institutions. The second section deals with young people’s involvements in civil society organisations (CSOs) and political parties, and investigates the types of collective action in which they have become engaged. The third section discusses Salafism and the effects of its firmand long-standing presence in the two neighbourhoods
This survey is the first of its kind on the young people of Douar Hicher and Ettadhamen, two of the most densely populated areas in Tunisia. The report begins with an overview of the areas studied and outlines the methodology used. Findings are then presented according to respondents’ views of their area, their socio-economic background, educational status, employment status and attitudes towards work, their relationship with institutions and political life, and their attitudes towards Salafism and religion. The report finishes with some preliminary conclusions taken from
This research does not claim to fully explain the complexity of the situation in the border region of southern Tunisia, a region that has been shaken, as have other regions, by a fluid situation on both sides of the border. Following this study, Ben Guerdane and Dhehiba will no doubt continue to be partially hidden from our view in the arrangements that are made and unmade between new and old players who may be local, national or transnational, and their conflicts over revenues, hegemony and legitimacy. More modestly, the challenge of this endeavour is to illuminate the dynamics at work from the perspective of the inhabitants by offering a dual quantitative and qualitative approach capable of reconstructing the inhabitants’ perceptions of their living space while presenting the structures that condition it
In June 2016 the European Commission presented a new Communication, entitled ‘Supporting the prevention of radicalisation leading to violent extremism’ focusing on seven specific areas: 1. supporting research, evidence building, monitoring and networking; 2. countering terrorist propaganda and hate speech online; 3. addressing radicalisation in prisons; 4. promoting inclusive education and EU common values; 5. promoting an inclusive, open and resilient society and reaching out to young people; 6. the security dimension of addressing radicalisation; 7. the international dimension. The paper focuses on prevention, as well as establishing exchange at the local level. The work undertaken by RAN is taken into consideration in many of these areas, as well as in its key actions..
The Guide was developed within the framework of UNESCO’s work on Global Citizenship Education and in response to the request of UNESCO’s Member States for assistance in strengthening their education sector responses to violent extremism. It seeks to help teachers to create a classroom climate that is inclusive, and conducive to respectful dialogue, open discussion and critical thinking. The publication also recommends resources to develop a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of violent extremism and responds to frequently asked questions. Whether discussions on violent extremism are pre-planned or not, a well-managed conversation on the subject should seek to reinforce skills that enable learners to participate more generally in civic life as informed global citizens. This implies ensuring that the information exchanged during the discussion, as well as the way the debate is handled, develop skills, attitudes and behaviours that foster mutual respect, critical thinking and a sense of belonging to a common humanity. The Guide will be complemented by a second guidance document, to be released in September 2016, targeting policy-makers within ministries of education. This tool will provide a set of resources that can help reinforce national capacities to address the drivers of violent extremism through holistic and pragmatic education sector-wide responses. The publication was peer reviewed by a host of international experts in the field of education, as well as Associated Schools Project Network (ASPnet) schools and students of the Teachers College of Columbia University.
The roles of women in international peace and security efforts have been underscored by the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2000 and subsequent thematic resolutions on women, peace, and security issues. The roles of women as they relate to terrorism and counterterrorism issues, however, have remained less explored by policymakers and international counterterrorism actors. As the international community shifts from a reactive to a more preventive approach regarding terrorism and violent extremism, the need for a more comprehensive multistakeholder approach to addressing these challenges has become apparent. Yet, little attention has been paid to integrating a gender dimension into UN and many national efforts to address the problems of terrorism and violent extremism. This policy brief explores the conceptual and operational challenges in integrating a gender dimension into counterterrorism policy and programming and offers a set of recommendations for the United Nations and other actors to consider when developing effective and sustainable counterterrorism efforts.
This guide is the fruit of collaboration by Search for Common Ground colleagues past and present from around the world. Through an appreciative inquiry process, we asked ourselves what we have learned from our years of work in transforming violent conflict and responding to violent extremism. This guide captures those insights and offers guiding principles for peacebuilders and on-the-ground practitioners as they navigate this important yet high-risk area of work around violent extremism
This report is part of a series of papers on democracy, security, and violent extremism prepared for the Community of Democracies’ Democracy and Security Dialogue. The project seeks to foster greater collaboration among democratic governments, donors, civil society and academics to improve security outcomes and create a more conducive environment for the strengthening of democracy around the world.
The threat of violent extremism is more geographically dispersed and more localized than ever, yet the security-focused and other responses of national governments and multilateral institutions have not been and will not be sufficient to counter and prevent its spread. A more comprehensive and strategic approach that empowers local actors and focuses more attention on community-led interventions to address underlying drivers of the phenomenon is required. The Prevention Project was launched in March 2016 to gather from, develop with, and disseminate to the ever-expanding group of P/CVE stakeholders practical guidance on overcoming these challenges and allowing for the development and implementation of the community-focused solutions required to prevent the spread of violent extremism. The actionable recommendations contained in this report draw on the experiences and expertise of a wide range of policymakers, practitioners, and civil society leaders and have been informed by a series of consultations, roundtables, and workshops organized by or involving The Prevention Project team and engaging a diversity of stakeholders.
In recent years, the world has witnessed new waves of violent extremism that have taken the lives of many innocent people. Whether based on religious, ethnic or political grounds, extremist ideologies glorify the supremacy of a particular group, and oppose a more tolerant and inclusive society. This poses two distinct but related challenges for contemporary societies: the rise of violent extremism and its spread across national borders and the governance of increasingly diverse and multi-cultural societies. While violent extremism requires interventions to protect the security of people and assets, prevention of violent extremism needs to look beyond strict security concerns to development-related causes of and solutions to the phenomenon. Experiences in both development and peacebuilding show that an increase in the levels of inclusion and tolerance in communities can lead to both better governance of diversity, and to societies better inoculated against violent extremism. Tolerance for diversity and intercultural understanding are also at the heart of the new 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, and particularly Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 16, on building peaceful, just and inclusive societies. UNDP takes a development approach to the prevention of violent extremism (PVE). This paper does not focus solely on religiously-inspired violent extremism. Many drivers apply to other forms of extreme behavior. Radical behavior in itself is not necessarily a problem. Non-violent radical behavior, especially if undertaken purposely in the political, economic or cultural sphere, can help to promote positive change. Violent extremism kicks in when radical behavior starts making use of indiscriminate violence as the means of expression. This corporate framing paper to prevent violent extremism is fully in line with the UN Secretary-General's Plan of Action for Preventing Violent Extremism that was released in January 2016
This edited volume contains a selection of essays and contributions derived from the presentations made at the International Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Research Conference 2015. The purpose of this edited volume is to further enhance the field of CVE research through a series of short research papers.
The pivotal role of women in countering terrorism is both undervalued and underexplored. Today, terrorism and violent extremism come in diverse forms. In the struggle to address this dynamic and complex issue, the need for a preventive approach is vital, and women, and women’s rights, can offer a significant contribution to preventative measures. To this end, the chapters in this report take innovative approaches to the exploration of the transformative nature of integrating a gender dimension into States’ legislative and policy frameworks that address terrorism.
This guidebook provides guidance on the central issues that can have an impact on the success or failure of police efforts to harness a community-policing approach to preventing terrorism and countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism. It is primarily intended for policymakers and senior police professionals, but may also be a useful resource for members of civil society with an interest in these issues, in particular community leaders
This publication offers technical guidance for education professionals (policy-makers, teachers and various education stakeholders) on how to address the concrete challenges posed by violent extremism. The Guide particularly aims to help policy-makers within ministries of education to prioritize, plan and implement effective preventive education-related actions, contributing to national prevention efforts
This report on the prevention of violent extremism in conflict zones is the result of the government commission given to the Swedish National Defence College in December 2011. The problem of young men travelling to conflict zones such as Somalia, Pakistan – and now recently Syria – to engage in combat has become an increasingly apparent security issue in several European countries. The task of this report was to identify and assess methods and initiatives in some selected countries to prevent individuals from traveling to conflict zones and to see which of these responses can offer transferable lessons to a Swedish context
This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, focuses on Islamist radicalisation and violent extremism in the EU and has two aims: 1) to explore and assess the question of women’s radicalisation and their involvement in violent extremism in the EU as well as to look into the mechanisms in place to prevent women and girls from radicalisation and propose further actions; and 2) to identify the potential of women in preventing radicalisation, in particular by looking into women’s current role in counter-radicalisation strategies and to explore potential gendered approaches and best practices to counter-radicalisation
This Handbook is one of a series of tools developed by UNODC to support Member States in the implementation of the rule of law and the development of criminal justice reform. It is designed to be used by prison managers and prison staff, in particular, but will also be relevant for other actors involved in the criminal justice system, such as policymakers, legislators and members of non-governmental organizations. It can be used in a variety of contexts, both as a reference document and as the basis for staff training. While some elements of the Handbook may not be achievable immediately in some jurisdictions, particularly in post conflict situations, the Handbook provides national authorities with guidelines for the development of policies and protocols that meet international standards and good practice. This Handbook constitutes the first technical guidance tool to addresses the manifestation of radicalization to violence and violent extremism in prison settings at the level of the United Nations. It provides practical guidance on: The management of violent extremist prisoners (prisoners who have embraced violent extremism) Preventing the progression to violent extremism in prisons (prisoners who may be vulnerable to radicalization to violence) Interventions aimed at disengaging violent extremist prisoners from violence and at facilitating their social reintegration upon release.
In late 2016, the International Republican Institute (IRI) conducted research in Beja, Tunisia, to understand the local drivers behind increased vulnerability to violent extremism in the community. Beja was selected because it has been a source of a significant number of foreign fighters. This report is based on focus group research and extensive interviews with residents of Beja, including family and friends of foreign fighters. The groups have been classified according to their levels of vulnerability or resilience to violent extremism.