This short booklet gives an overview of the SDGs and suggests some actions for coming years. The SDGs reflect an opportunity for us to come together to advocate ..... This booklet was produced by CAFOD, the Catholic development agency for England and Wales.
The Report on the World Social Situation, prepared biennially, is the flagship publication on major social development issues of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations.
This report is a regional companion piece to the World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development, and was completed under the guidance of Inger Andersen, Vice President, Middle East and North Africa Region, World Bank. The overview of the report greatly benefited from a series of consultations with stakeholders in the MENA Region. Early consultations were held with Kuwait and Tunisia followed by in-country consultations in October 2011 in the Arab Republic of Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia,and the Palestinian Territories. By and large, the gender challenges identified in the overview and the report were endorsed. The salience of legal constraints to women’s participation outside the home was a recurring theme. The team would like to gratefully acknowledge the inputs and feedback of all participants, and hope that these are reflected in the full report
The Programme supports reforms to mobilise investment, private sector development and entrepreneurship as driving forces for inclusive growth and employment in the MENA region, building also on the need to mainstream the region’s increasingly well trained youth and women. The Programme covers Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen
This policy guidance furthers the work of the OECD/INFE in helping policy makers and relevant stakeholders to address gender differences in financial literacy and to financially empower women and girls. The guidance is complemented by and based on an in-depth publication reviewing available evidence and highlighting possible factors behind women’s different financial competencies. The publication also analyses the challenges to enhance women’s and girls’ competencies, and draws lessons to develop efficient and tailored financial education programmes for women and girls
This report was drafted in the framework of the three year regional MENA Transition Fund project: “Towards inclusive and Open governments: Promoting women’s participation in parliaments and policy-making.” The project supports Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia to foster inclusive growth and good governance by maximizing women’s integration in public life and the policy-making process. Further, by leveraging open government policies and mainstreaming gender perspectives in parliamentary and local council operations.
The report is also a call to action for governments to focus efforts on the SDGs with new information on where they stand. The Dashboards should help each African country identify priorities for action, understand key implementation challenges, and identify the gaps that must be closed in order to achieve the SDGs by 2030. We hope this report supports African discussions about priorities in achieving the SDGs and that it is operationalized into a tool for national and regional discussion and planning. Our vision is for an official day on which African countries will convene stakeholders in their respective countries around the SDGs, with this report presented as a useful tool for analysis and action. The “Africa SDG Day” would allow all actors to discuss appropriate SDG strategies given their national contexts and the findings of this and related reports. Additionally, we hope that the results of this report are disseminated in creative ways into local communities to spark collective and inclusive engagement on ways they can contextualize the SDGs and spur on progress.
La Direction des Etudes et des Prévisions Financières (DEPF) a mené, dans le cadre de sa contribution au débat national sur la question de la réévaluation du modèle de développement, une étude intitulée : « Inégalités régionales sous le prisme des Objectifs de Développement Durable à l’horizon 2030 ». Axée sur une approche analytique similaire à celle adoptée par les Nations Unies pour l’élaboration de son SDG index, cette étude a permis de cerner la dynamique de convergence des 12 régions du Royaume en termes de progrès accomplis dans les domaines économique, social et environnemental et de gaps à rattraper en la matière et ce, dans la perspective de concrétiser les ambitions de l’agenda de développement durable d’ici à l’horizon 2030.
This document presents a summary of the report of the study on Women’s access to basic services in Irbid and Zarqa governorates. This study aims to increase the understanding of the impact of the crisis on women’s access to basic services. Between April and May 2016, UN Women and REACH, with the support of the Government of Japan, undertook an assessment of women’s access to such services, while also looking at their quality. The first study of its kind in Jordan, its main objective is to highlight the need for gender responsive basic services and the impact changes in services have on the lives of women.
The report is on the Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS): Egypt Vision 2030 which represents the way towards inclusive development through which cultivating prosperity, achieving economic and social justice, and reviving the role of Egypt in regional leadership can be realized. SDS represents a roadmap for maximizing competitive advantage to achieve the dreams and aspirations of the Egyptians in a dignified and decent life.
Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical update is being released to ensure consistency in reporting on key human development indices and statistics. It includes an analysis of the state of human development—snapshots of current conditions as well as long-term trends in human development indicators. With a comprehensive statistical annex, our data gives an overview of the state of development across the world, looking at long-term trends in human development indicators across multiple dimensions and for every nation, the 2018 Update highlights the considerable progress, but also the persistent deprivations and disparities. Looking at 2018 results, Norway, Switzerland, Australia, Ireland and Germany lead the HDI ranking of 189 countries and territories, while Niger, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Chad and Burundi have the lowest scores in the HDI’s measurement of national achievements in health, education and income. The overall trend globally is toward continued human development improvements, with many countries moving up through the human development categories: out of the 189 countries for which the HDI is calculated, 59 countries are today in the very high human development group and only 38 countries fall in the low HDI group. Just eight years ago in 2010, the figures were 46 and 49 countries respectively.
The report reviews the articles of the Convention one by one, up to article 16. It should be noted that the Committee is keen for the report to deal with the particular situation of certain groups of women, such as handicapped women, migrant workers etc., and has called for the report to devote a special heading to these groups. Accordingly, the situation of seven groups of women are reviewed immediately after article 16: the elderly, the handicapped, mine victims, prisoners, migrant workers in domestic service, refugees and displaced persons. Furthermore, given that the efforts of recent years have not been confined to those of official bodies, however important these are, but extend to the work of non-governmental organizations in a variety of areas, this report is anxious to affirm the important role played by NGOs in pushing for the removal of obstacles to equality by shedding light on their most significant activities and achievements, as these relate to the Convention. However, as the period covered by the report is fairly lengthy and the size of periodic reports has to be kept within limits, the committee supervising preparation of the report liaised with 22 NGOs concerned with women’s affairs to provide it with an account of their activities during the period of the report. The not inconsiderable amount of material for which there was insufficient space in the report has been placed in an annex.
This document presents report on african social development index (ASDI): measuring exclusion for structural transformation. The African Social Development Index (ASDI) is built on the important premise that development should be reflected in improved human conditions. By adopting a life-cycle approach, the ASDI measures the extent of human exclusion in six key dimensions of well-being, including survival, health, education, employment, and means of subsistence and living a decent life after 60. One of the key features of the index is that it can be measured across time and disaggregated by gender and geographical location, thus helping to capture patterns of inequality and exclusion within and between countries. As such, the ASDI offers a new conceptual framework for identifying the drivers of human exclusion in Africa and linking them to better policies in nutrition, education, employment and social protection. As a monitoring and policy tool, the index should help member States devise more inclusive social policies, and guide them in the implementation of Agenda 2063 and Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, both of which place a high premium on inclusiveness as a driver of sustainable and equitable development.
This document presents the second Development Challenges Report, coming at a time when the region is passing through a critical historical juncture, attempts to go beyond the numbers to uncover processes that have underpinned mutually reinforcing drivers of social, economic and political exclusion. This report argues that the development model followed in the Arab region can be placed on a more socially just foundation
Women in Lebanon face discrimination at many levels, from social conservatism to inadequate public policies. The National Commission for Lebanese Women (NCLW) was formed in 1998 to promote women’s rights, enhance gender mainstreaming, and also to oversee the implementation of the goals of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. In July 2006, a newly formed Cabinet vowed in its Ministerial Statement to put in action all the commitments that Lebanon has made on women's issues in connection with the recommendations of the Beijing Conference in 1995 (Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action). The Gender Profile of Lebanon describes main gender topics, like the above, within the Lebanese context, as well as addressing such milestones in relation to legal, political, economical, educational, health, infrastructure terms and subjects.
The objective of this report, “Gendering Youth (girls and boys) Empowerment in Arab Mediterranean Countries (AMCs)” is first to identify the inequalities of empowerment among young people of different genders; secondly, the efforts already made by governments and civil society in the AMCs to empower young people; thirdly, it describes positive experiences that may be generalized and reproduced in other countries. Finally, the report points out the disparities and inequalities present in programmes for capacity building addressed to young women and men. Recommendations for fixing such unequal treatment will be made to stakeholders in order to encourage them to better mainstream a gender perspective in the implementation of their programmes and action plans in favour of youth empowerment. Accordingly, the report is based on the qualitative and quantitative data and information provided by the SAHWA project in the Arab Mediterranean Countries (AMCs) of Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia: The National Case Studies, the policy papers, and the Ethnographic Fieldwork dataset 2015 based on narrative interviews, focus groups and life stories collected. Thus, and in line with the SAHWA gender equity approach, the report attempts to tackle the socioeconomic factors leading to the exclusion of women, exploring a number of pathways that could foster equality between men and women.
This paper tries to examine if women’s education affects the economic growth. To illustrate this aim, four countries cases have been presented: Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria, named MATE. The motive behind choosing them was because these countries have many common religious and cultural norms and values. The statistical analysis of data over the period 1960-2012 shows that the relationship between fertility rate and different measures of education is negative. Averages literacy rate and labour participation of the female are less than that of male. Two panel models are estimated over the period 2000-2012: a 'general' panel model and a 'gender' panel model. In the first model, the explanatory variables are introduced without gender’s characteristics in order to measure their impact on the economic growth. In the second model, the explanatory variables are introduced in the first model with gender’s distinguishing excluding variables that measure the quality of governance and institutional. The main findings are that women’s education, particularly, tertiary education, women’s labour force participation and institutional capital affect positively economic growth. On the contrary, the primary and secondary school enrolment are negatively linked to the economic growth. This paper concludes that women’s tertiary education is a master-key to economic growth and development accompanied by a healthy and good quality of institutional capital and by eliminating all forms of gender discrimination.
There is strong evidence about the situation of women in the Middle East and North Africa region despite a lack of highly accurate data available at the national and regional levels. The data that is available reveals that the empowerment of women and the level of equality between men and women are fluctuating. The most important findings concerning the status of women can be summarized as follows: -The rights of women that do exist are poorly enforced. The economic, social, civic and political capacities of women are low. Consequently women are largely disempowered and uninfluential. -Poverty deeply burdens women more than men, affecting everything from their education, health, and economic access to their participation in decision making. This directly affects women’s ability to enjoy all their human rights. -The lives and civil participation of Arab women in the countries of the region are affected directly and indirectly by conflict and war.
Many Arab countries have in place family laws – also known as personal status codes – that confer upon women the status of dependent and minor with respect to marriage, divorce, child custody, and inheritance. Because of these family laws, States that have signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women have done so with significant reservations. Broadly speaking, women remain associated primarily with their family roles, and the cumulative effect is gender-based discrimination and second-class citizenship for women, albeit in varying degrees across the countries of the region.
The Lebanese labour market is characterised by low activity (38.7%) and employment rates (44.9%) and a large informal sector. It is challenged by a low participation of females (employment rate of 66.9% for males and 25.3% for females; activity rate of 55.4% for males and 23.5% for females) and high youth unemployment (18% for males and 20.4% for females). The low employment and low activity rates of females can be attributed to social, cultural and economic factors.