المرأة العربية، الثقافة والعلوم
نتائج البحث (264)

Liste des questions et points relatifs au rapport du Qatar

Ce document présente le rapport du comité pour l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes concernant la liste des questions du Qatar. Le rapport initial du Qatar indique que les activités organisées de la société civile sont un phénomène nouveau dans l’État partie et qu’aucune association féminine n’y a encore été constituée à ce jour. Selon les informations dont dispose le Comité, l’environnement n’est pas propice à la création d’ONG dans l’État partie, la législation nationale imposant des restrictions et des frais élevés, ce qui ne facilite pas l’enregistrement des organisations en faveur des droits des femmes. Indiquer si l’État partie prévoit de modifier sa législation nationale pour créer un climat favorable à la création d’ONG de défense des droits des femmes, ce qui est important pour promouvoir l’égalité des sexes. Indiquer si le rapport a été adopté par le Gouvernement et présenté au Parlement.

Thematic report on servile marriage

This document presents the report of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including their causes and consequences, on servile marriage, in which a spouse is reduced to a commodity over whom any or all the powers of ownership are attached. The Special Rapporteur discusses the root causes of servile marriage, which include gender inequality, ideas of family honour, poverty, conflict and cultural and religious practices. She also outlines the various forms of servile marriage, as defined in the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, and highlights the need to view such marriages as forms of slavery so as to better inform and shape actions to prevent servile marriage and support victims. The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Human Rights Council develop a more comprehensive approach to the issue of servile marriage and that States enact legislation to prevent servile marriage, provide support to victims and launch campaigns to raise awareness of servile marriage and its negative impact.

Shifting Sands Changing gender roles among refugees in Lebanon

This document presents a joint research report on Shifting Sands Changing gender roles among refugees in Lebanon. The conflict in Syria has created a humanitarian crisis, with almost two million people having fled to neighboring countries in the hope of escaping the violence. Thousands of Syrian refugees continue to enter Lebanon each week, putting increasing pressure on the ability of host communities and aid agencies to provide them with support. The situation has created intense levels of stress for refugees, as in many cases they are forced to take on new responsibilities at odds with their traditional gendered social roles. In order to understand these changing roles, Oxfam and the ABAAD – Resource Centre for Gender Equality conducted a gender situation and vulnerability assessment among Syrian refugees and Palestinian refugees from Syria now living in Lebanon. The findings are presented in this report, which aims to contribute to an improved understanding of the gendered impact of the Syrian conflict and subsequent displacement on refugees now in Lebanon. The report concludes with detailed recommendations for development and humanitarian practitioners and donor agencies, to help them design and implement gender- sensitive programming that addresses these shifting gender roles and helps to minimize stress and tensions among refugee populations (at individual, household and community levels) and between refugee and host communities.

AGAINST WIND AND TIDES : A Review of the Status of Women and Gender Equality in the Arab Region- 20 Years after the Adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action

This study was undertaken by the Center for Women (ECW) at the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), in the context of a regional programme to review progress made in the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action in the Arab region. The study was authored by Ms. Stephanie Jung, Social Affairs Officer at ESCWA. Chapter three, section A of the study (‘Women and girls’ access to health care’) benefitted from a research brief prepared by Ms. Julianne Deitch, Associate Social Affairs Officer at ESCWA. Chapter four (‘Women’s access to formal work’) draws in part from a background paper prepared by Ms. Nadereh Chamlou, independent consultant, and also reflects substantive inputs from Ms. Lamia Bulbul, independent consultant. Ms. Jade Lansing, Research Assistant, provided research inputs. Mr. Jesse Rester reviewed and edited the manuscript. The study has also benefited from the substantive contributions and comments from other ECW and ESCWA staff members

Combating Domestic Violence against Women and Girls: Policies to Empower Women in the Arab Region

This document represents a study on Combating Domestic Violence against Women and Girls: Policies to Empower Women in the Arab Region. This study examines the phenomenon of domestic violence against women and girls in the Arab region. It analyses its sociocultural and legal aspects and its economic impact and cost. It also reviews measures taken by Arab Governments to combat violence and the role of civil society organizations in addressing this problem at both the national and regional levels. The publication makes evidence-based policy recommendations to scale up government commitment to combat violence against women, particularly in the domestic sphere. The end goal is to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women in Arab societies.

Combating Violence against Women in the Arab Region: Multisectoral Efforts

This document represents a study on Combating Violence against Women in the Arab Region: Multisectoral efforts. This study analyses successful experiences and good practices in implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It outlines and evaluates the services available to women victims of violence in ESCWA member States with the aim of identifying the appropriate interventions and assist stakeholders in developing services in conformity with international standards. The study examines three types of services: protection, rehabilitation and prevention, offered by governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Policy brief Combating Domestic Violence against Women and Girls: Policies to Empower Women in the Arab Region

This document represents a policy brief of combating Domestic Violence against Women and Girls: Policies to Empower Women in the Arab Region. This policy brief addresses domestic violence in the Arab region, within the context of family, and is based on a recent flagship study, jointly prepared by ESCWA and UN-WOMEN, in addition to support from the Norwegian Embassy in Beirut. It seeks to present, for the first time, evidence-based policy recommendations addressed primarily, to 18 Arab countries in order to strengthen their resolution towards ending violence against women and girls, particularly in the domestic sphere.

Social and Economic Situation of Palestinian women 2009-2011

This document represents a report on social and economic situation of Palestinian women. This report reviews the status of Palestinian women and girls during the period 2009-2010, focusing on political, social, economic and human rights developments. Building upon previously published research of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) on Palestinian women and girls, and looking at the most recent data available, this report highlights their complex status, revealing both successes and setbacks in the midst of a militarized occupation, a political divideand an attempt at grass-roots State-building.

Women’s rights and gender equality for sustainable development- Discussing the proposed sustainable development goals within the context of development in the Arab region

This document presents a report on Women’s rights and gender equality for sustainable development- Discussing the proposed sustainable development goals within the context of development in the Arab region. This report has outlined the current situation of women's rights and gender equality in the Arab region and discusses the links between sustainable development and economic growth and the lack of equal opportunities between the sexes from a gender perspective. And it offers a range of recommendations for adjustments to be made on the policies pursued in the area of women's empowerment and to safeguard their rights and to achieve equality between men and women and the promotion of development, with a focus on policies relating to the productive sectors, wages, taxes and social protection, trade and investment.

Arab charter on Human rights 1994

This document presents The arab charte on Human rights, adopted on 14 September 1994. The text contains a preamble and forty-three articles. There are very few ratifications or accessions: only one State, Jordan, ratified the Charter in 2004. Five states have signed it: Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen

Arab Charter on Human Rights

This document presents the Arab Charter on Human Rights. This charter was adopted by the Council of the League of Arab States on 22 May 2004 and affirms the principles contained in the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights and the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam. A number of traditional human rights are provided for, including the right to liberty and security of persons, equality of persons before the law, protection of persons from torture, the right to own private property, freedom to practice religious observance and freedom of peaceful assembly and association. The Charter also provides for the election of a seven-person Committee of Experts on Human Rights to consider States' reports. A first version of the Charter was created on 15 September 1994, but no state ratified it. The Charter was updated in 2004 and came into force in 2008 when seven of the members of the League of Arab States had ratified it. On 24 January 2008, then UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour has said the Arab charter is incompatible with the UN's understanding of universal Human Rights, including with respect to women's rights and capital punishment for children, in addition to other provisions in the Charter.[1] The charter is listed in the website of her office, among texts adopted by international groups aimed at promoting and consolidating democracy. As of November 2013, the Charter has been ratified by Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the UAE and Yemen

Charte arabe des droits de l'Homme 1994

Ce document présente la charte arabe des droits de l’Homme, adoptée le 14 septembre 1994. Le texte comporte un préambule et quarante-trois articles. Les ratifications ou adhésions sont très peu nombreuses : un seul Etat, la Jordanie, a ratifié la Charte, en 2004. Cinq Etats l’ont signé : Algérie, Arabie Saoudite, Egypte, Tunisie et Yémen

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

This document presents The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).It is an international treaty adopted in 1979 by the United Nations General Assembly. Described as an international bill of rights for women, it was instituted on 3 September 1981 and has been ratified by 189 states. Over fifty countries that have ratified the Convention have done so subject to certain declarations, reservations, and objections, including 38 countries who rejected the enforcement article 29, which addresses means of settlement for disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention.[1] Australia's declaration noted the limitations on central government power resulting from its federal constitutional system. The United States and Palau have signed, but not ratified the treaty. The Holy See, Iran, Somalia, Sudan and Tonga are not signatories to CEDAW.

Resolution 1889 of the UN Security Council-Women, peace and security

This document document présents the Resolution 1889, adopted by the United Nations Security Council at its 6196th meeting, on 5 October 2009. In line with resolution 1325, this resolution is intended to further strengthen the participation of women in peace processes and to Indicators to measure progress in the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000).

Violence against women, General Recommendation 19

This document presents the generale recommandation19 on Violence against women adopted by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women at its Eleventh Session in 1992.

A Collection of International and Regional Normative Instruments

This paper presents a book Collecting international normative texts on women's rights. The first part presents the universal normative instruments, in particular the recommendations, conventions, declarations and protocols of the United Nations and the International Labor Organization. The second part presents the regional normative instruments, in particular the recommendations, conventions, declarations and protocols of the Council of Europe and the Organization of American States. And the third part presents a selection of documents concerning the world conferences on women. This work presents in annex a state of the ratifications of the universal and regional conventions presented in this edition

Arab women in the sustainable development agenda 2015-2030

With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development, which includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030,Arab countries are now expected to implement these goals and report on their performance within this new framework. The post 2015 international development agenda is set to deal with the unfinished business of the Millennium development Goals (MDGS) and to address the unacceptable and unsustainable levels of injustice and exploitation. Under the moto of “the road to dignity by 2030: ending poverty, transforming all lives and protecting the planet», the SDGS will be especially relevant for a region that has witnessed tremendous progress, but has suffered from drawback in the past few year, as a result of increasing violence and conflict. New research has emphasized the grievances and difficulties women pass through in times of hardship, especially since the Arab women continue to be the main caretaker of the children and families. In acknowledgement of women’s status globally, their historic contribution to their societies, and the structural issues of the system that continue to affect their lives and expectation, a stand-alone goal (Goal5) aiming to “achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls” was agreed upon, in addition to growing a consensus of mainstreaming gender equality into the set of seventeen goals to be endorsed in a few months ‘time.

Voluntary national review on the Sustainable Development Goals

This review is the result of Brazil’s first systematic effort to evaluate the fulfillment of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It is also an exercise of accountability, first and foremost before the Brazilian society, as regards our Government’s measures towards a more prosperous and fair Country, with opportunities for all - including for future generations. In implementing the Sustainable Development Goals, we respond faithfully to this spirit of listening and building together. In order to materialize the 2030 Agenda, the Brazilian government has adopted a participatory model, which benefits from contributions from the municipal, state and federal levels, as well as from varied social segments. Given the comprehensive and multidisciplinary nature of the 2030 Agenda, it could not be any different. This document also comprises an assessment of the challenges we still face in our struggle to eradicate poverty. It is, therefore, a working tool for all those dedicated to the cause of the 2030 Agenda.

Transforming world : the 2030 agenda for sustainable development

On 25 September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the Resolution 70/1, transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This historic document lays out the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to mobilize global efforts to end poverty, foster peace, safeguard the rights and dignity of all people, and protect the planet.

The Global Goals for Sustainable Development

The Global Goals brand is the cornerstone of all communication around the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. The branded information system is constructed to encourage engagement and collaboration. The basic system includes short names that summarizes the focus of the 17 goals together with individual colorful icons, a bright logotype and bold, easily recognizable typography. goal has been to create a positive, hopeful language that will be a constant thread through all the efforts to support the goals. We hope that the bold and colorful design will inspire and help carry the promise of a better world forward. The main purpose of the communication system is to spread awareness of the 17 goals, but in order to activate the Goals, it is essential that we understand the all-important 169 targets connected to them. They are the working mechanisms of the goals. They make up a list of our challenges ahead and should inspire to new thinking, creativity and innovation. They also helps the educational aspect of the goals by creating a better understanding of the bigger picture. If we let the target drive all our actions, it is fully possible to reach the 17 main goals by 2030.